Sri Lanka: Picturing Genocide and War Crimes

by Dr. Parasaran Rangarajan, ‘International Law Journal of London,’ August 27, 2014


Sri Lanka may have given evidence against itself in the larger context of the “genocide” of Tamils in 2009, a widely accepted phrase in the legal community for what happened when the Sri Lankan Armed Forces bombed a “No Fire Zone” killing up to 75,000 Tamil civilians including children, women, and the elderly in just 3 months according to United Nations (U.N.) reports[1].

They say a picture speaks a thousand words and in this case, it is true as the Office Of The High Commissioner For Human Rights (OHCHR) at the United Nations is conducting a probe. This is a photo, courtesy of the Sri Lankan Defence Ministry[2] as stated in the picture, which clearly proves several war crimes and the intent or mens rea for genocide.

Realising that the “red” on the map is Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) held areas, we ask a very simple question; where has the government of Sri Lanka put its “No Fire Zone” for Tamil civilians? It seems it is right in the middle of the LTTE held area.

The logical question would be why didn’t the government of Sri Lanka put its “No Fire Zone” in the south where Tamil civilians would be safer as it has a responsibility to protect civilians during war?

Ask a child where a government should place a safe zone for civilians; in the middle of the war area or somewhere far from it? Now, what can government of Sri Lankan officials respond when that question is answered? There can only be one answer to this and that answer is clear intention to kill these civilians. United Nations officials from the Nobel Peace Prize nominated documentary “Sri Lanka Killing Fields” stated the same.

There was a complete disregard for human life in this case and at the very least, these were “crimes against humanity” but “genocide” would be the better term as there were pre-calculated efforts to create a “No Fire Zone” in the middle of an LTTE war zone which contradicts each other. Here, we have the intent to destroy this area which gives us the intent to destroy an ethnic or national population; Tamils.

It is very clear from the images that the Sri Lankan Ministry of Defence has provided us that these areas would be destroyed as the 55th Division came in from the north near Palamattalam, 53rd Division on the A35 Highway, 58th Division on the left of the A35 Highway along with Task Force 8 on the right, and the 59th Division from the south after crossing Mullaitivi.

This was a complete “encirclement” of a civilian zone which is in breach of Article 17 of the “4th Geneva Conventions Relative To The Protection Of Civilians During Time Of War”[3] as there is a duty to evacuate when such a situation occurs. This is also a violation of responsibility to evacuate civilians under Article 29 of the “4th Geneva Conventions Relative To The Protection Of Civilians During Time Of War” which places responsibility on a state actor to do so for “protected persons” which include non-nationals of Sri Lanka such as any United Nations official or other foreign nationals who were still in the area capturing these horrific crimes.

sl-pics-2

Other than the fact that the government of Sri Lanka intentionally bombed the “No Fire Zones” consisting of Tamil civilians proving the mens rea for genocide, we have another war crime committed by the government of Sri Lanka; failure to provide air-raid shelters when aircrafts are being used. In an article detailing the actions of the Sri Lankan Armed Forces, it stated;

“Last Tuesday morning the LTTE had been transporting a 130mm artillery gun in the general area northeast of Puthukkudiyiruppu. An Air Force UAV that had been conducting aerial surveillance over Puthukkudiyiruppu outside the civilian no fire zone had first spotted this and had sent the images to its command centre. Based on the intelligence received, Israeli built K-fir jets attached to the 10th air force squadron were scrambled. Having observed the target the jets had taken a precision strike resulting in both the vehicle and the artillery gun being destroyed.”

Here, the government of Sri Lanka has used aerial vehicles in its war against the LTTE. When it UAV’s and Israeli K-fir jets are being used, the government has a duty to provide air-raid shelters in the “No Fire Zones” which were not given. This is in violation of Article 88 of the “4th Geneva Conventions Relative To The Protection Of Civilians During Time Of War”. In addition, there were many reports that the Sri Lankan Air Force were bombing the LTTE previously so there certainly should have been the appropriate cover given to civilians. Failure to do so constitutes a war crime.

Going back to the choice of location of the “No Fire Zone”, the very fact that the government of Sri Lanka placed the so called “No Fire Zones” in LTTE held areas when they were on an all out offensive against the LTTE proves that there was intent to bomb the entire area including the “No Fire Zones” which the government intentionally moved civilians into – pre-meditated genocide.

Additionally; reports surfaced everyday that thousands of civilians had died forms the knowledge of “murder” of civilians occurring, which is a “crime against humanity” under Article 7 of the Rome Statute[4]. Proceeding to bomb with this knowledge anyway which constitutes intent for “genocide” under customary international law recognising the dictums and opinions of the International Criminal Tribunal For The Former Yugoslavia (ICTfY) and International Criminal Tribunal For Rwanda (ICTR).

Previously, I had written an article for the South Asian Analysis Group titled “Sri Lanka: Was It A Genocide” [5] where I cited the United Nations Panel of Expert Reports (POE) of 2011 [6] in defining “extermination” as genocide as the report on pages 68-69 stated:

“The credible allegations support the finding of the crime against humanity in so far as the conditions imposed on civilians in the final months in the NFZ’s (No Fire Zones) were calculated to bring about the destruction of a significant part of the civilian population.”

This is word for word match with the definition of genocide given to us by Article 2 (c) of the “1948 Convention On The Prevention And Punishment Of The Crime Of Genocide” [7], Article 6 of the Rome Statute, and customary international law.

In addition, pages 47-48 of the report stated that the Sri Lankan Army executed LTTE combatants who were waving white flags signaling surrender and also used chemical bomb munitions or white phosphorus against the civilians in the “No Fire Zones”:

“There are allegations that the SLA (Sri Lankan Army) used cluster bomb munitions or white phosphorous or other chemical agents against civilian, particulary around the PTK and NFZ’s (No Fire Zones). Accounts refer to large explosions, followed by smaller explosions consistent with the sound of a cluster bomb. Some wounds in the various hospitals are alleged to have been caused by cluster munitions and white phosphorous.”

The execution of surrendered combatants is in violation of Article 47 of the 4th Geneva Conventions and Article 23 (c) of the 1907 Hague Conventions [8] as an attack against “persons ad-hors”​ is prohibited as war crimes. The use of chemical weapons such as cluster munitions or white phosphorous has long been banned by the “United Nations Convention Against Chemical Weapons (CWC)” [9] and Article 8 as well as Article X of the “1925 Geneva Protocol For Prohibition of Use in War of Asphyxiation, Poisons, or Other Gases, and Of Bacteriological Methods of Warfare”[10].

In a very simple comparison, the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTfY) found that the act of Serbian General Radko Mladic overrunning a U.N. “Safe-Area” and executing at least 7,500 Bosniak men and boys who were sheltering with Dutch peacekeeping troops was legally “genocide”.

Many eminent political figures including the former United Nations Assistant-Secretary among other judges of the Dublin Tribunal,  former Financial and External Affairs Minister of India Shri. Yashwant Sinha,  the Attorney General and Minister for Human Rights of Mauritius Jaya Valayden, the Deputy Prime Minister of Mauritius Rama Sithenen, former Prime Minister of India Smt. Indira Gandhi, former Attorney General of the U.S. Ramsey Clark, former European Union (E.U.) Parliament Member Robert Evans, former U.S. Secretary of State Madeline Albright, and U.S. Presidential Special Envoy to Sudan Richard S. Williamson have agreed that this was a genocide.

Former U.S. Secretary of State Madeline Albright and U.S. Presidential Special Envoy to Sudan Richard S. Williamson also stated that the Eelam Tamils should be granted “remedial sovereignty” just as Kosovo was in her report regarding the Responsibility To Protect (R2P) Doctrine which Professor Richard Falk, former United Nations Special Rapporteur For Palestine, along with the current United Nations Secretary-General had stated the United Nations failed to uphold when it came to Sri Lanka in an earlier interview published in the first volume of the ​International Law Journal of London.

These facts cannot be overlooked or avoided as the United Nations investigates Sri Lanka for violations of international law as from simple pictures, we form the mens rea for genocide and prove the commission of several war crimes; the failure to evacuate civilians when an area is encircled as per Article 17 of the “4th Geneva Conventions Relative To The Protection Of Civilians During Time Of War” and failure to provide air-raid shelters when aircrafts were being used in war which is in violation of Article 88 of the same convention.

In addition, when there are violations of international humanitarian law (IHL) such as the 4th Geneva Conventions, under Article 29, the government of the entire member-State, not just the individuals must be held accountable so it is more than clear that the State of Sri Lanka is guilty of war crimes including genocide.

In summary, the following war crimes including genocide, crimes against humanity, and violations of international law have occurred:

– Failure to provide air-raid shelters in violation of Article 88 of the “4th Geneva Convention Relative To The Protection Of Civilians During Time Of War”.

– Failure to evacuate civilians when surrounded by troops in violation of Article 17 of the “4th Geneva Convention Relative To The Protection Of Civilians During Time Of War”.

– Failure to protect civilians in general in violation of Article 29 of the “4th Geneva Convention Relative To The Protection Of Civilians During Time Of War”.

– Violation of Article 2 (c) of the “1948 Geneva Convention On The Prevention And Punishment Of The Crime Of Genocide” proved from the “2011 United Nations Panel of Expert Report On Accountability In Sri Lanka”.

– Violation of Article 7 of the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court.

– Violation of Article 23 (c) of the 1907 Hague Convention as Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) combatants with a white flag were killed according to the “2011 United Nations Panel of Expert Report On Accountability In Sri Lanka” known as the “White Flag Event”.

– Violation of the “United Nations Convention Against Chemical Weapons (CWC)” as chemical weapons and white phosphorous was used against civilians according to the “2011 United Nations Panel of Expert Report On Accountability In Sri Lanka”.

– Violation of the Article X and Article 8 of “1925 Geneva Protocol For Prohibition of Use in War of Asphyxiation, Poisons, or Other Gases, and Of Bacteriological Methods of Warfare” based on the report stating chemical weapons and white phosphorous was used against civilians.

– Violation of customary international law and international humanitarian law (IHL) citing dictums and legal opinions of judges from the International Criminal Tribunal For The Former Yugoslavia (ICTfY).

References:

1. The U.N. Versus Sri Lanka, 2013 The Wall Street J., Mar. 23, 2013 at (2013), http://online.wsj.com/news/articles/SB10001424052702304636404577297220014224602

2.  Asif Fuard, Tigers Caught in a Noose, 2009 The Sunday Times, Apr. 5, 2009 at (2009), http://sundaytimes.lk/090405/News/sundaytimesnews_19.html .

3. Convention (IV) Relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War. Geneva, 12 August 1949., Int’l Committee of Red Cross , http://www.icrc.org/ihl/385ec082b509e76c41256739003e636d/6756482d86146898c125641e004aa3c5

4.  Rome Statute, 2002 Int’l Crim. Ct. (2002), http://www.icc-cpi.int/nr/rdonlyres/ea9aeff7-5752-4f84-be94-0a655eb30e16/0/rome_statute_english.pdf

​5. Dr. Parasaran Rangarajan, Sri Lanka: Was It a Genocide?, 2014 S. Asia Analysis Group, July 21, 2014 at (2014), http://www.southasiaanalysis.org/node/1571#_ftn17.

6. United Nations, Report of the Secretary-General’s Panel of Expert on Accountability in Sri Lanka (2011), http://www.un.org/News/dh/infocus/Sri_Lanka/POE_Report_Full.pdf.

7. United Nations, 1948 Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide (1948) [hereinafter Genocide Convention], https://treaties.un.org/doc/Publication/UNTS/Volume%2078/volume-78-I-1021-English.pdf.

8. International Committee Of Red Cross, 1907 Hague Conventions (1907), http://www.icrc.org/ihl/INTRO/195.

9. Organsation For The Prohibition Of Chemical Weapons, United Nations Convention Against Chemical Weapons, http://www.opcw.org/chemical-weapons-convention/articles/.

​10. International Committee Of Red Cross, 1925 Geneva Protocol for Prohibition of Use in War of Asphyxiation, Poisons, or Other Gases, and of Bacteriological Methods of Warfare, http://www.icrc.org/ihl/INTRO/280?OpenDocument.

Photo credits

1. Sri Lankan Ministry of Defence – Indiramurthy Jayasuriya. No Fire Zone. The Sunday Times. Web.

2. United Nations. Craters Of “No Fire Zones”. UNITAR/UNOSAT. Web

Sri Lankan Justice Has No Place for ‘Accountable Amnesties’

by James Ross, Human Rights Watch, New York, August 22, 2016

Commission Recommendation Conflicts with UN Resolution

It’s time to add “accountable amnesties” to notable oxymorons like “open secret” and “working vacation.”

A Tamil woman cries as she holds up an image of her family member who disappeared during the civil war with the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) at a vigil to commemorate the international day of the disappeared in Colombo August 30, 2013.

A Tamil woman cries as she holds up an image of her family member who disappeared during the civil war with the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) at a vigil to commemorate the international day of the disappeared in Colombo August 30, 2013. © 2013 Reuters

 

According to Sri Lankan media reports, the Presidential Commission to Investigate Complaints Regarding Missing Persons is recommending those accused of human rights abuses during the final months of Sri Lanka’s war with the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) be allowed to seek so-called “accountable amnesty.”

The commission reportedly says in its final report that those charged with violations of international human rights or humanitarian law should be investigated by local authorities, prosecuted by the attorney general, and tried before local judges in a special high court. This is contrary to the United Nations Human Rights Council resolution last October, which recognized the need for “Commonwealth and other foreign judges, defence lawyers and authorized prosecutors and investigators” in a Sri Lankan tribunal.

The commission also says that those charged should be given an opportunity to explain their actions before the planned Truth and Reconciliation Commission. Commission chairman Maxwell Paranagama told the New Indian Express the commission should “consider giving some of those who pleaded guilty an accountable amnesty. They will not be allowed to go scot free but will be given an appropriate punishment.” This would apparently amount to paying fines and forfeiting promotions.

Were the Sri Lankan government to adopt this approach, a military commander or government official may be able to buy their way out of a criminal prosecution for summary killings, torture, and enforced disappearances by admitting their crimes to a non-judicial body and presumably not having to face evidence presented against them.

It’s true that South Africa’s post-apartheid Truth and Reconciliation Commission provided full amnesties to those who confessed their guilt. As Foreign Minister Mangala Samaraweera has recognized, this approach is now regarded as outdated and falls short of international standards.

Sri Lanka is obligated to prosecute those responsible for serious crimes in violation of international law. A slap on the wrist for grave crimes is not justice – even if it comes with public admissions of guilt. The thousands of victims of abuses and their families from all sides in Sri Lanka’s war should not be left out of the accountability process. All Sri Lankans need to see those responsible for atrocities appropriately punished.

“Accountable amnesty” evokes all the seriousness of “jumbo shrimp” – it’s not a real way forward. Transitional justice in Sri Lanka needs to involve genuine trials, with the added expertise and protection offered by foreign judges, prosecutors, and investigators – and impose punishments that the fit the crime.

Looking for the Missing

by Jeevan Thiagarajah, ‘Daily News,’ Colombo, August 22, 2016

The Office of Missing Persons (OMP) was legislated. It has elicited words of appreciation from several quarters. In doing we may forget similar inquiries from the past.

The JVP commenced its second insurrection in the South, purportedly in protest against the Indo-Lanka Accord. This was a result of the JVP being falsely implicated for the riots of July 1983 which either gave the leadership a very good reason to go underground or they were simply driven underground to survive as a party. Key UNP leaders were among those assassinated. With the Public Security Ordinance and Prevention of Terrorism Act in force during this period, government and paramilitary forces responded by engaging in a systematic practice of extrajudicial killings, enforced disappearances and torture. Thousands of ordinary Sinhalese civilians were killed. Regulations were promulgated under the PSO permitting arbitrary arrest and detention either for preventive or investigative purposes, as well as to give authorised officers the authority to bury or cremate dead bodies. If the JVP had not been driven underground the horrendous history of that period may have well been different.

Extra-judicial killings

In the absence of proof, the dead remain classified as missing being, the body and not the person. As an All Island Commission stated, “although bodies were found in a mere six hundred and 47 cases, in the given context, the word disappearance is only a euphemism for the death caused by extra-judicial killings”. Investigating murder is the task of a country’s criminal investigation apparatus being the investigative and prosecutorial departments, the Attorney General’s department.

Illustrative of the record of past inquiries are the work of CoI which looked at involuntary removal or disappearances of persons in the Central, North Western, North central and Uva provinces which received fifteen thousand and 45 complaints, six thousand four hundred and 43 complaints were inquired into and eight thousand six hundred and two complaints were remaining at the conclusion of the Commission.

The CoI into disappearances in the Western, Southern, and Sabaragamuwa Provinces received eight thousand seven hundred and 39 complaints, of which 191 were from returned detainees and twelve were of physical injury. It published the names of the disappeared, names of complainants, addresses of complainants and relationship between the disappeared and complainant.

About 7,761 complaints were inquired into and 542 remained at the conclusion of the Commission. The Commission found that 7,239 complaints were proved. About 9,744 witnesses testified before the Commission, including 54 special witnesses. The Commissioners recommend that the investigations by the IGP should be under the supervision of the Attorney General and be referred to the Attorney General for the determination of the appropriate legal proceedings that should ensure.

The report included a section titled “Tamils Lost in Colombo” which found that “[t]he evidence before this Commission is that the issue of the involuntary removal/disappearances in Colombo of persons of Tamil origin should not be subsumed in the phenomenon of involuntary removals/ disappearances that occurred in Southern Sri Lanka.”

The CoI into disappearances (All Island) had 10,136 complaints handed over to the Commission from the three zonal Commissions. About 6,345 were fixed for inquiry. Of those, 4,473 were inquired into by the Commission. Of the 654 complaints pertaining to returned detainees, the Commission inquired into 384 of them. Significantly, the passage of time and the loss of hope were cited as major factors in non-appearance of complainants.

Bringing closure

The three examples cited show testimonies have been recorded. facts ascertained in some instances. reasons to look further into homicides provided whilst the identity of those not heard is known.

The OMP of the future should not look to rerecord what is known. It should rather hold to account agencies whose task it is to look at homicides. It can call for the testimony of those willing where they have not been heard. The OMP and parties such as the TNA and JVP can in fact support victims in making submissions.

The Human Rights Commission was for some time also looking into disappearances. The HRC can well support victims’ families in instances where past commissions have recommended prosecutions or investigations by criminal investigation agencies. Victims have been traumatised at all stages of the legal process, ranging from transfer of cases (from local courts to judicial forums situated in predominantly majority provinces or the capital) to painfully protracted legal proceedings which they are required to attend despite financial and social hardships.

Recommendations of these bodies – even when they have been functioning credibly – have had negligible impact insofar as actual prosecutions emanating from these findings are concerned. The question of legal accountability for grave human rights violations of civilians of the majority Sinhala ethnicity as well as the minority Tamil and Muslim ethnicity and others has remained unaddressed for decades.

The quote on persons of Tamil origin reported missing before the Southern Commission and its response requires further inquiry at the least.

The rush to pat ourselves on the back for legislating the OMP we must not forget past recorded history particularly those in reports which refer to the law, the grey areas, the weaknesses, the loopholes, loss of evidence and shortage of human resources in the arena of investigations and prosecutions. Even if many of these sources of concern are addressed there are practical hurdles to overcome seen clearly in the ongoing investigations pertaining to Ekneligoda.

Destruction of Christian Churches in Sri Lanka

A compilation of sources

Church destroyed Negombo 1987

Church destroyed Negombo 1987

If the reader has more accurate information, please submit…

1.) Tamil Centre for Human Rights, Paris, France, “World Heritage in Sri Lanka – Buddhist Sites Only,” June 1, 2012, but original list dated 2/12/2004  http://www.tchr.net/pr_on_religious_freedom.pdf

a.) For full list of damaged and destroyed churches – http://www.tchr.net/religion_churches.htm  (Entire list copied below) or from 2004 TCHR_Christian_Hindu 

b.) Christian Churches attacked/destroyed/damaged and assaults  by mobs led by Buddhist Monks in Sri Lanka — http://www.tchr.net/religion_churches2.htm

 

2.) US International Commission for Religious Freedom

2004 – http://www.state.gov/j/drl/rls/irf/2004/35520.htm

2007 – http://www.state.gov/j/drl/rls/irf/2007/90234.htm

2013 – http://www.state.gov/j/drl/rls/irf/religiousfreedom/index.htm#wrapper

 

3.) Centre for Policy Alternatives, “Attacks on Places of Religious Worship in Post-War Sri Lanka,” March 2013 http://sangam.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/03/Attacks-on-Religious-Places-CPA-March-2013.pdf

“A majority of the Christian actors interviewed for this report point to a Sinhala-Buddhist revival after the war and the triumphalism that followed, as driving the attacks after May 2009. While aggression against minorities is not new, some Christian groups and clergy stated that there is a wave of renewed attacks due to the efforts to claim Sri Lanka as a Sinhala-Buddhist nation in a post-war era.” p.32

List of post-war attacks on p. 35

———————————-

Tamil Centre for Human Rights, 2004

 Churches damaged/destroyed by Aerial bombing and shelling in the North of Island of Sri Lanka
(Fully damaged = 93 Partially damaged =186 Minor Repair = 20)
          Not all the Churches damaged and destroyed are included in this list. The real figure is higher.
Name of Church Parish Address A.G.A. Division Extent of the damage
St. Liguri’s Church Chavakachcheri Parish Chavakachcheri Chavakachcheri Fully damaged
Our Lady of Lourdes Chavakachcheri Parish Madduvil Chavakachcheri Fully damaged
Atputha Matha Chavakachcheri Parish Navatkuli Chavakachcheri Partially damaged
St. Anthony’s Church Chavakachcheri Parish Kerathivu Road Chavakachcheri Partially damaged
Our Lady of Madhu Chavakachcheri Parish Navatkuli Chavakachcheri Partially damaged
St. Anthony’s Church Chunnakam Erlalai Parish Chunnakam Chunnakam Partially damaged
St. Francis Xavier’s Church Chunnakam Erlalai Parish Kulamangal Chunnakam Partially damaged
Our Lady of Miracles Chunnakam Erlalai Parish Mallakam Chunnakam Partially damaged
Our Lady of Perpetual Help Chunnakam Erlalai Parish Mallakam Chunnakam Fully damaged
St. Isidore’s Church Chunnakam Erlalai Parish Erlalai Chunnakam Partially damaged
St. Theresa’s Church Chunnakam Erlalai Parish Sooravathai Chunnakam Partially damaged
Pius The Xth Chunnakam Erlalai Parish Kadduvan Chunnakam Fully damaged
St. John the Baptist Church Delft Parish Delft Delft Minor Repair
St. Xavier’s Church Delft Parish Delft Delft Minor Repair
St. James’ Church Delft Parish Delft Delft Minor Repair
St. Anthony’s Church Delft Parish Delft Delft Minor Repair
St. Thomas’ Church Delft Parish Delft Delft Minor Repair
St. Lawrence’s Church Delft Parish Delft Delft Minor Repair
St. Mary’s Church Delft Parish Delft Delft Minor Repair
Our Lady of Fatima Delft Parish Delft Delft Minor Repair
Our Lady of Vellarnkanni Delft Parish Delft Delft Minor Repair
St. Anthony’s Church Delft Parish Delft Delft Minor Repair
St. Mary’s Cathedral Cathedral Parish P.O.Box : 2, Jaffna Jaffna Partially damaged
St. Sebastian’s Church Cathedral Parish P.O.Box : 2, Jaffna Jaffna Partially damaged
St. Roche’s Church Cathedral Parish P.O.Box : 2, Jaffna Jaffna Partially damaged
Our Lady of Mount Carmel Cathedral Parish P.O.Box : 2, Jaffna Jaffna Minor Repair
St. Hichola’s Church Navanthurai Parish Navanthurai Jaffna Partially damaged
St. Mary’s Church Navanthurai Parish Navanthurai Jaffna Partially damaged
St. Sebastian’s Church Navanthurai Parish Oddumadam Jaffna Partially damaged
Our Lady of Good Health Navanthurai Parish Anjananthalvu Jaffna Partially damaged
Our Lady of Holy Rosary Navanthurai Parish Chippithurai Jaffna Partially damaged
Our Lady of Refuge Church O.L.R.Parish 4th Cross Street, Jaffna Jaffna Partially damaged
St. Anne’s Church Pandianthalvu Parish Pandianthalvu, Jaffna Jaffna Partially damaged
Christ the King Church Pandianthalvu Parish Jaffna Jaffna Partially damaged
Our Lady of Fatima Pandianthalvu Parish Koiathoddam Jaffna Partially damaged
St. Anthony’s Church Passaiyoor Parish Passaiyoor Jaffna Fully damaged
Our Lady of Holy Rosary Passaiyoor Parish Colombuthurai Jaffna Partially damaged
St. Joseph’s Church Passaiyoor Parish Valanpuram Jaffna Partially damaged
Church of Holy Reedemer Passaiyoor Parish Manianthoddam Jaffna Fully damaged
St. James’ Church Passaiyoor Parish Vasanthapuram Jaffna Fully damaged
St. Sebastian’s Church Passaiyoor Parish Uthyapuram Jaffna Fully damaged
St. Sebastian’s Church Passaiyoor Parish Mannithali Jaffna Fully damaged
St. Antony’s Church Passaiyoor Parish Mandaikallaru Jaffna Fully damaged
Joseph Vaz Shrine Shrine Kottaddy Panna Jaffna Partially damaged
St. James’ Church St. James’ Parish Gurunagar, Jaffna Jaffna Fully damaged
Our Lady of Miracles St. James’ Parish Gurunagar, Jaffna Jaffna Partially damaged
St. John the Baptist Church St. John’s Parish Hospital Rd, Jaffna Jaffna Partially damaged
St. Theresa’s Church St. John’s Parish Chundikuly, Jaffna Jaffna Partially damaged
St. Joseph’s Church Vaddakachchi Parish Vaddakachchi Karachchi East Partially damaged
St. Roche’s Church Vaddakachchi Parish Ramanathapuram Karachchi East Partially damaged
St. Paul’s Church Vaddakachchi Parish Kalmadhu Karachchi East Partially damaged
Our Lady of Vellarnkanni Vaddakachchi Parish Mumykulam Karachchi East Partially damaged
Our Lady of Madhu Vaddakachchi Parish Iranaimaddu Karachchi East Fully damaged
St. Antony’s Church Vaddakachchi Parish Navatkudhu Karachchi East Partially damaged
St. Anthony’s Church Karaveddy Parish Vathiri Karaveddy Partially damaged
St. Mary’s Church Karaveddy Parish Karaveddy Karaveddy Partially damaged
Our Lady of Perpetual Help Karaveddy Parish Thannalai Karaveddy Partially damaged
St. Sebastian’s Church Karaveddy Parish Valvettithurai Karaveddy Partially damaged
Holy Redeemer’s Church Karaveddy Parish Cidupiddy Karaveddy Partially damaged
Sacred Heart Church Karaveddy Parish Varani Karaveddy Partially damaged
Our Lady of Vellarnkanni Karaveddy Parish Saraiaddi Karaveddy Partially damaged
St. Mary’s Church Kayts Parish Suruvil Road, Kayts Kayts Partially damaged
St. Antony’s Church Kayts Parish Suruvil Road, Kayts Kayts Partially damaged
St. James’ Church Kayts Parish Suruvil Road, Kayts Kayts Fully damaged
St. Joseph’s Church Kayts Parish Suruvil Road, Kayts Kayts Partially damaged
St. Thomas Church Kayts Parish Eluvaithivu Kayts Minor Repair
St. Antony’s Church Kayts Parish Nainathivu Kayts Minor Repair
Our Lady of Good Health Kayts Parish Analathivu Kayts Minor Repair
St. Theresa’s Church Kilinochchi Parish Kili Kilinochchi Fully damaged
Infant Jesus Kilinochchi Parish 54th Mile Post Kilinochchi Fully damaged
St. Sebastian’s Church Kilinochchi Parish Parathipuram Kilinochchi Fully damaged
Our Lady of Vellarnkanni Kilinochchi Parish Viveknagar Kilinochchi Fully damaged
Our Lady of Vellarnkanni Kilinochchi Parish Kanagapuram Kilinochchi Fully damaged
St. Mary’s Church Kilinochchi Parish Kanagapuram Kilinochchi Fully damaged
St. Antony’s Church Paranthan Parish Mullaithevu Road, Paran Kilinochchi Fully damaged
St. Francis Xavier’s Church Paranthan Parish Tharmapuram Kilinochchi Partially damaged
St. Antony’s Church Paranthan Parish Nallathannithoduvai Kilinochchi Partially damaged
Infant Jesus Paranthan Parish Visuvamadhu Kilinochchi Partially damaged
St. Sebastian’s Church Paranthan Parish Periyakulam Kilinochchi Partially damaged
Our Lady of Perpetual Help Paranthan Parish Mursamoddai Kilinochchi Fully damaged
St. Anne’s Church Paranthan Parish Elephant Pass Kilinochchi Fully damaged
St. Peter & Paul’s Church Paranthan Parish Visuvamadhu Kilinochchi Partially damaged
St. Mary’s Church Paranthan Parish Poonaithoduvai Kilinochchi Fully damaged
St. Mary’s Church Paranthan Parish Pepaipiddy Kilinochchi Partially damaged
Divine Mercy Paranthan Parish Peramathannaru Kilinochchi Partially damaged
Our Lady of Fatima’s Church Uruthirapuram Parish Uruthirapuram Kilinochchi Fully damaged
St. Anthony’s Church Uruthirapuram Parish Jayanthinagar Kilinochchi Fully damaged
St. Jude’s Church Uruthirapuram Parish Jayanthinagar Kilinochchi Fully damaged
St. Sebastian’s Church Uruthirapuram Parish Konavil Kilinochchi Partially damaged
St. Anthony’s Church Uruthirapuram Parish Unionkulam Kilinochchi Fully damaged
Christ the King Church Uruthirapuram Parish Oottupulam Kilinochchi Partially damaged
St. Joseph’s Church Atchuvely/Palaly Parish Atchuvely Kopay Partially damaged
St. Anthony’s Church Atchuvely/Palaly Parish Atchuvely Kopay Partially damaged
St. Rita’s Church Atchuvely/Palaly Parish Navakiri Kopay Partially damaged
Our Lady of Mt. Carmel Atchuvely/Palaly Parish Vasavilan Kopay Fully damaged
St. Mary’s Church Atchuvely/Palaly Parish Ottagapulam Kopay Fully damaged
St. James’ Church Atchuvely/Palaly Parish Palaly South Kopay Fully damaged
Holy Rosary Atchuvely/Palaly Parish Tholakatti Kopay Fully damaged
St. Anthony’s Church Manipay Parish Manipay Manipay Partially damaged
St. Anne’s Church Manipay Parish Manipay Manipay Partially damaged
Church of Holy Family Manipay Parish Malvam Manipay Partially damaged
Church of Holy Rosary Manipay Parish Uduvil Manipay Partially damaged
Church of Ascension Manipay Parish Madaththadi Manipay Partially damaged
St. Joseph’s Church Manipay Parish Aladi Uduvil Manipay Partially damaged
St. Anthony’s Church Thalaiyadi Parish Thalaiyadi Maruthankerni Fully damaged
St. Philip Neri’s Church Thalaiyadi Parish Champainpattu Maruthankerni Fully damaged
St. Anthony’s Church Thalaiyadi Parish Vettilaikerni Maruthankerni Fully damaged
St. Mary’s Church Thalaiyadi Parish Kattaikadu Maruthankerni Fully damaged
St. Mary’s Church Thalaiyadi Parish Kudarappu Maruthankerni Fully damaged
St. Francis Xavier’s Church Thalaiyadi Parish Nagarkovil Maruthankerni Fully damaged
St. Nicholas Mirusuvil Parish Mirusuvil Mirusuvil Partially damaged
St. Mary’s Church Mirusuvil Parish Killaly Mirusuvil Fully damaged
St. Anthony’s Church Mirusuvil Parish Killaly Mirusuvil Fully damaged
St. Michael’s Church Mirusuvil Parish Killaly Mirusuvil Fully damaged
St. Thomas Church Mirusuvil Parish Killaly Mirusuvil Fully damaged
St. James’ Church Mirusuvil Parish Killaly Mirusuvil Fully damaged
St. Anthony’s Church Alampil/Mullaithivu Alampil Mullaithivu Fully damaged
St. Jude’s Church Alampil/Mullaithivu Nayaru Mullaithivu Fully damaged
St. Antony’s Church Alampil/Mullaithivu Thanniyootu Mullaithivu Partially damaged
St. Joseph’s Church Alampil/Mullaithivu Kulamurippu Mullaithivu Partially damaged
St. Theresa’s Church Alampil/Mullaithivu Mulliyavalai Mullaithivu Fully damaged
Annai Vellarnkanni Alampil/Mullaithivu Alampil Mullaithivu Partially damaged
St. Anthony’s Church Alampil/Mullaithivu Kepapulovu Mullaithivu Partially damaged
Christ the King Church Alampil/Mullaithivu Oddusuddan Mullaithivu Fully damaged
St. Peter’s Church Mullaithivu Mullaithivu Mullaithivu Fully damaged
St. Mary’s Church Mullaithivu Mullaithivu Mullaithivu Fully damaged
St. Jude’s Church Mullaithivu Selvapuram Mullaithivu Fully damaged
St. Isidore’s Church Mullaithivu Silavathai Mullaithivu Fully damaged
St. Anne’s Church Mullaithivu Silavathai Mullaithivu Fully damaged
Our Lady of Lourdes Mullaithivu Vattapalai Mullaithivu Partially damaged
Infant Jesus Mullaithivu Uddupukulam Mullaithivu Partially damaged
Annai Vellarnkanni Mullaithivu Deogunagar Mullaithivu Partially damaged
Our Lady of Lourdes Mullaithivu Pandarakulam Mullaithivu Fully damaged
St. Joseph’s Church Mullaithivu Muthaiyankaddu Mullaithivu Fully damaged
St. Jude’s Church Ariyalai Parish Ariyalai, Jaffna Nallur Fully damaged
Our Lady of Valankanni Ariyalai Parish Ariyalai, Jaffna Nallur Fully damaged
St. Sebastian Church Ariyalai Parish Poompukar, Jaffna Nallur Fully damaged
St. Francis Xavier’s Church Kopay Parish Thirunelvely Nallur Partially damaged
St. Mary’s Church Kopay Parish Kopay South Nallur Partially damaged
St. Joseph’s Church Kopay Parish Kopay North Nallur Partially damaged
St. Paul’s Church Kopay Parish Kokuvil Nallur Fully damaged
St. Benedict’s Church St. Benedict’s Parish Kachcheri Nallur Rd, Jaf Nallur Fully damaged
Our Lady of Good Health Mugamalai Parish Mugamalai Palai Fully damaged
St. Peter & Paul’s Church Mugamalai Parish Pulopalai Palai Fully damaged
St. Mary’s Church Mugamalai Parish Palai Palai Fully damaged
St. Francis Xavier’s Church Mugamalai Parish Iyakachchi Palai Fully damaged
St. Anthony’s Church Mugamalai Parish Vannankulam Palai Fully damaged
St. Barbara’s Church Mugamalai Parish Ithavil Palai Palai Fully damaged
St. Sebastian’s Church Mugamalai Parish Puluveli Palai Fully damaged
Our Lady of Reparation Mugamalai Parish Palai Palai Fully damaged
St. Joseph’s Church Mugamalai Parish Eluthumadduval Palai Fully damaged
St. Mary’s Church Myliddy Parish Myliddy Palaly Fully damaged
St. Sebastian’s Church Myliddy Parish Palaly Palaly Fully damaged
Arokiamatha Myliddy Parish Palalythurai Palaly Fully damaged
St. Anthony’s Church Myliddy Parish Oorany K.K.S. Palaly Fully damaged
St. John the Baptist Church Myliddy Parish Veemankamam Palaly Fully damaged
St. Peter & Paul’s Myliddy Parish Tellipalai Palaly Fully damaged
St. Joseph’s Church Myliddy Parish Kankesanthurai-KKS Palaly Fully damaged
Church of Our Lady of Good V Myliddy Parish Kankesanthurai-KKS Palaly Fully damaged
St. Pius Church Myliddy Parish Tellipalai Palaly Fully damaged
St. Mary’s Church Myliddy Parish Mulavai, Myliddy Palaly Fully damaged
St. Thomas Church Point Pedro Parish Point Pedro Point Pedro Partially damaged
St. Anthony’s Church Point Pedro Parish Kaladdi Point Pedro Partially damaged
St. Mary’s Church Point Pedro Parish Thumpalai Point Pedro Partially damaged
Our Lady of Lourdes Point Pedro Parish Thumpalai Point Pedro Partially damaged
St. Joseph’s Church Point Pedro Parish Puloly South Point Pedro Partially damaged
St. Francis Xavier’s Church Point Pedro Parish Sakkodai Point Pedro Partially damaged
St. Anthony’s Church Point Pedro Parish Manatkaddu Point Pedro Partially damaged
St. Peter & Paul’s Church Point Pedro Parish Kudathanai Point Pedro Partially damaged
St. Sebastian’s Church Point Pedro Parish Katkovalam Point Pedro Partially damaged
Our Lady of Vellarnkanni Point Pedro Parish Nadukudathanai Point Pedro Fully damaged
Church of Infant Jesus Point Pedro Parish Polikandy Point Pedro Partially damaged
St. Antony’s Church Jayapuram Jeyapuram Poonagari Partially damaged
St. Jude’s Church Jayapuram Raplaikadu Poonagari Partially damaged
R.C. Church Jayapuram Sekkalai Poonagari Partially damaged
Joseph Vaz Shrine Jayapuram Seemankundanu Poonagari Partially damaged
Sacred Heart Church Jayapuram Thapirai Poonagari Partially damaged
Our Lady of Refuge Church Jayapuram Poonagari Poonagari Fully damaged
Sacred Heart Church Jayapuram Annaivilunthanpalai Poonagari Partially damaged
R.C. Church Jayapuram Pallikudah Poonagari Partially damaged
St. Antony’s Church Jayapuram Kavtharimunai Poonagari Fully damaged
R.C. Church Jayapuram Nallur Poonagari Fully damaged
St. James’ Church Kumulamunai Nachchikudah Poonagari Partially damaged
Our Lady of Vellarnkanni Kumulamunai Nachchikudah Poonagari Partially damaged
St. Anthony’s Church Kumulamunai Kumulamunai Poonagari Partially damaged
St. Thomas Church Kumulamunai Karadikundu Poonagari Partially damaged
St. Peter’s Church Kumulamunai Nochimunai Poonagari Partially damaged
Holy Sprit Church Kumulamunai Santhapuram Poonagari Partially damaged
Mulankavil Matha Church Mulankavil Mulankavil Poonagari Partially damaged
St. Antony’s Church Mulankavil 19th Mile Post Poonagari Partially damaged
St. Mary’s Church Mulankavil Nagapaduvan Poonagari Partially damaged
St. Mary’s Church Mulankavil Iranainagar Poonagari Partially damaged
Infant Jesus Chapel Mulankavil Mulankavil Poonagari Partially damaged
St. Anne’s Church Valaipadu Parish Valaipadu Poonagari Partially damaged
Christ the King Church Valaipadu Parish Kiranchi Poonagari Partially damaged
Our Lady of Perpetual Help Valaipadu Parish Veravil Poonagari Partially damaged
St. Jude’s Church Valaipadu Parish Palavi Poonagari Partially damaged
Our Lady of Lourdes Valaipadu Parish Valaipadu Poonagari Partially damaged
Infant Jesus Church Valaipadu Parish Kiranchi Poonagari Minor Repair
St. Anthony’s Church Valaipadu Parish Kiranchi Poonagari Minor Repair
St. Mary’s Church Valaipadu Parish Ilavankudah Poonagari Minor Repair
St. Mary’s Church Valaipadu Parish Iranaithivu Poonagari Fully damaged
Our Lady of Fatima Iranaippalai Iranaippalai Puthukuddyiruppu Partially damaged
Our Lady of Refuge Church Iranaippalai Mathalan Puthukuddyiruppu Partially damaged
Our Lady of Rosary Iranaippalai Valian Madam Puthukuddyiruppu Partially damaged
St. Antony’s Church Iranaippalai Mathalan Puthukuddyiruppu Partially damaged
St. Antony’s Church Iranaippalai Idaikadu Puthukuddyiruppu Partially damaged
St. Antony’s Church Iranaippalai Mullivaikal Puthukuddyiruppu Partially damaged
St. Sebastian’s Church Iranaippalai Anadapuram Puthukuddyiruppu Partially damaged
Infant Jesus Iranaippalai Iranaipalai Puthukuddyiruppu Partially damaged
St. Joseph’s Church Puthukuddyiruppu Puthukuddyiruppu Puthukuddyiruppu Partially damaged
St. Antony’s Church Puthukuddyiruppu Malikaithivu Puthukuddyiruppu Partially damaged
St. James’ Church Puthukuddyiruppu Mongilkalaru Puthukuddyiruppu Partially damaged
St. Jude’s Church Puthukuddyiruppu Suthanthirapuram Puthukuddyiruppu Partially damaged
Christ the King Church Puthukuddyiruppu Udayarkaddu Puthukuddyiruppu Partially damaged
St. Mary’s Church Puthukuddyiruppu Devipuram Puthukuddyiruppu Partially damaged
St. Anthony’s Church Puthukuddyiruppu Udayarkaddu Puthukuddyiruppu Partially damaged
Annai Vellarnkanni Puthukuddyiruppu Theravil Puthukuddyiruppu Partially damaged
Annai Vellarnkanni Puthukuddyiruppu Manthuvil Puthukuddyiruppu Partially damaged
Holy Face Church Puthukuddyiruppu Manthuvil Puthukuddyiruppu Partially damaged
St. Eugene De Mazond Puthukuddyiruppu Kaiveli Puthukuddyiruppu Partially damaged
Infant Jesus Puthukuddyiruppu Puthukuddyiruppu Puthukuddyiruppu Partially damaged
Church of our Lady of Refuge Annaikoddai Parish Anaikoddai Sandilipay Partially damaged
St. Peter & Paul’s Church Annaikoddai Parish Navaly Sandilipay Fully damaged
Sacred Heart Church Annaikoddai Parish Theverkaddu Sandilipay Partially damaged
St. Anne’s Church Ilavalai Parish Ilavalai Sandilipay Partially damaged
St. James’ Church Ilavalai Parish Ilavalai Sandilipay Partially damaged
St. Jude’s Church Ilavalai Parish Ilavalai Sandilipay Partially damaged
St. Cajetan’s Church Ilavalai Parish Marisankoodal Sandilipay Partially damaged
Our Lady of Lourdes Ilavalai Parish Poity Sandilipay Partially damaged
Our Lady of Perpetual Help Ilavalai Parish Sahayampuram Sandilipay Fully damaged
St. Francis of Assist Ilavalai Parish Valankadu Sandilipay Fully damaged
St. Rita’s Church Ilavalai Parish Ilavalai Sandilipay Partially damaged
St. Anne’s Church Ilavalai Parish Valithundal Sandilipay Fully damaged
St. Philip Neri’s Church Ilavalai Parish Pathavathai Sandilipay Partially damaged
St. Roche’s Church Ilavalai Parish Senthankulam Sandilipay Fully damaged
Our Lady of Vellarnkanni Ilavalai Parish Mylankoodal Sandilipay Fully damaged
Our Lady of Vellarnkanni Manipay Parish Anthiran Sandilipay Partially damaged
St. Jude’s Church Manipay Parish Suthumalai Sandilipay Partially damaged
Our Lady of Madhu Manipay Parish Kadudai Sandilipay Partially damaged
Infant Jesus Manipay Parish Sanguvely Sandilipay Partially damaged
St. Thomas’ Church Mathagal Parish Mathagal Sandilipay Partially damaged
St. Anthony’s Church Mathagal Parish Mathagal Sandilipay Partially damaged
St. Sebastian’s Church Mathagal Parish Mathagal Sandilipay Partially damaged
Shrine of Our Lady of Lourdes Mathagal Parish Mathagal Sandilipay Partially damaged
St. Joseph’s Church Mathagal Parish Mathagal Sandilipay Partially damaged
Church of Our Lady of Fatima Panditheripu Parish Panditheripu Sandilipay Partially damaged
St. Anthony’s Church Panditheripu Parish Panditheripu Sandilipay Partially damaged
Church of Our Lady of Rosary Panditheripu Parish Panditheripu Sandilipay Partially damaged
St. Theresa’s Church Panditheripu Parish Sandilipay Sandilipay Partially damaged
St. John the Baptist Church Panditheripu Parish Periyavillan Sandilipay Partially damaged
St. Anthony’s Church Panditheripu Parish Periyavillan Sandilipay Partially damaged
St. Joseph’s Church Panditheripu Parish Alaveddi Sandilipay Partially damaged
St. Sebastian’s Church Panditheripu Parish Mahyapiddy Sandilipay Partially damaged
St. Mary’s Church Sillalai Parish Sillalai Sandilipay Partially damaged
St. James’ Church Sillalai Parish Sillalai Sandilipay Partially damaged
St. Francis De Sales Sillalai Parish Chankanai Sandilipay Minor Repair
Our Lady of Holy Rosary Sillalai Parish Moolai Sandilipay Fully damaged
Our Lady of Vellarnkanni Amathipuram Parish Vanneri Rd,Amathipuram Thunnukai Partially damaged
St. Anthony’s Church Amathipuram Parish Skanthapuram Thunnukai Fully damaged
St. Mary’s Church Amathipuram Parish Vannerikulam Thunnukai Partially damaged
Our Lady of Miracles Amathipuram Parish Ponnagar Thunnukai Partially damaged
Arokiamatha Amathipuram Parish Arokianagar 8th Mile post Thunnukai Partially damaged
St. Joseph’s Church Amathipuram Parish Vannerikulam Thunnukai Partially damaged
Sacred Heart Church Amathipuram Parish Anaivilunthan Thunnukai Partially damaged
St. Agnes Church Mankulam/Mallavi Parish Mankulam Thunnukai Fully damaged
St. Joseph’s Church Mankulam/Mallavi Parish Muthayankaddu Thunnukai Fully damaged
St. Mary’s Church Mankulam/Mallavi Parish Pandiyankulam Thunnukai Fully damaged
Sacred Heart Church Mankulam/Mallavi Parish Chalampon Thunnukai Partially damaged
Sacred Heart Church Mankulam/Mallavi Parish Selvapuram Thunnukai Partially damaged
St. Sebastian’s Church Mankulam/Mallavi Parish Mallavi Thunnukai Partially damaged
Annai Vellarnkanni Mankulam/Mallavi Parish Vavunikulam Thunnukai Partially damaged
St. Antony’s Church Mankulam/Mallavi Parish Palaiadi Thunnukai Partially damaged
St. Antony’s Church Mankulam/Mallavi Parish Unit 2, Mallavi Thunnukai Partially damaged
St. Sebastian’s Church Mankulam/Mallavi Parish Thennyankulam Thunnukai Partially damaged
St. Mary’s Church Mankulam/Mallavi Parish Koodaikadudiakulam Thunnukai Partially damaged
Sacred Heart Church Mankulam/Mallavi Parish Kalvilan Thunnukai Partially damaged
St. Antony’s Church Mankulam/Mallavi Parish Unit 4 Thunnukai Partially damaged
St. Michael’s Church Urumpirai Parish Urumpirai Urumpirai Partially damaged
St. Henry’s Church Urumpirai Parish Julanoor Urumpirai Partially damaged
St. Peter’s Church Urumpirai Parish Punnalaikadduvan Urumpirai Partially damaged
St. Mary’s Church Urumpirai Parish Neerveli Urumpirai Partially damaged
St. Sebastian’s Church Kayts Parish Karompon Velanai Minor Repair
St. Mary’s Church Kayts Parish Suruvil Velanai Partially damaged
St. Anni’s Church Kayts Parish Thanuvil Velanai Partially damaged
Our Lady of Vellarnkanni Kayts Parish Karompon Velanai Minor Repair
Church of Christ the King Kayts Parish Melinchimunai Velanai Partially damaged
Church of Our Lady of Good V Mandaithivu Parish Chaddi Velanai Partially damaged
St. Peter’s Church Mandaithivu Parish Mandaithevu Velanai Partially damaged
St. John the Baptist Church Mandaithivu Parish Allaipiddy Velanai Partially damaged
Our Lady of Mount Carmel Mandaithivu Parish Mandaithevu Velanai Partially damaged
St. Philip Neri’s Church Mandaithivu Parish Mankumpan Velanai Partially damaged
St. Anthony’s Church Mandaithivu Parish Mankumpan Velanai Partially damaged
St. Peter & Paul’s Church Naranthanai Parish Naranthanai South Rd Velanai Partially damaged
Sacred Heart Church Naranthanai Parish Naranthanai Velanai Partially damaged
Our Lady of Lourdes Naranthanai Parish Naranthanai Velanai Partially damaged
Our Lady of Holy Rosary Naranthanai Parish Saravanai Velanai Fully damaged
St. Francis Xavier’s Church Naranthanai Parish Punguduthevu Velanai Partially damaged
St. Anthony’s Church Naranthanai Parish Naranthanai Velanai Partially damaged

 

Fully damaged       =   93

Partially damaged =  186

Minor Repair          =   20

Total                       =   299